Memrise course for Atlaans http://www.memrise.com/course/446773/atlaans/ Coastal Atlantean has a very simplified grammar. There is no conjugation. The same form of the verb is used for all pronouns. Pronouns: I: Ig /ɪx/ You: Du /du/ He: He /hei/ She: Se /sei/ It: Es /es/ We: We /wei/ You (pl): Dese /dezə/ They: Esse /esə/ Possessive my: meen /me:n/ your: deen /de:n/ his: haar /ha:ɹ/ her: saar /sa:ɹ/ its: esaar /esa:ɹ/ our: unser /unseɹ/ your (pl): deser /deseɹ/ their: esser /esə/ Accusative pronouns me: mich you: dich it: es him: hich her: sich us: uns you (pl): desech them: essech The verb to be is "ar" in all cases. Ig ar een man = I am a man Du ar een man = You are a man He ar een man = He is a man We ar manen = We are men Dese ar manen = You (pl) are men Esse ar manen = They are men Plural is formed by adding -en to the end of the word Add -nen if the word ends on a vowel If -ed must be added to a word that ends on a vowel the ending becomes -ned instead He, Se, We, Dese are pronounced as if the e was a double e If an adjective comes behind a noun, it adds an -a Some adjectives end on -er. This is an older form from Harbour Atlan Verbs If you use "kan", "muss", "zou", "las", "verd" or "miech" the second verb must go before the object (or the end of the sentence if there is no object) and add on -en Also, if a verb is used with "su", it must also take -en at the end The only exception are verbs ending on -ch, which change the "ch" to "g" when -en is added Ig kan das sagen I can say that Ig lees een kniega I read a book Ig kan een kniega leesen I can read a book Accusative The direct object of the sentence is in the accusative Ig sien dich I see you Du sien mich You see me Ig sien essech I see them Comparitives Just add -er for more, and -te for most prachtich - beautiful prachticher - more beautiful prachtichte - most beautiful -este if the word ends on "t" nut - new nuteste - newest If the adjective ends on a vowel, like fru You must use -ner for the comparitive fru - early fruner - earlier frute - earliest If the word ends on t, then use -ste for "most" skrit - mean, horrible skritste - meanest Adjectives Add -a to the adjective if it directly precedes the noun it is describing If the adjective ends on a vowel, then add -na instead of -a Ig ar een grouda man I am a big man De man ar groud The man is big Add 'se to the end of a noun to make it possessive Keepa (name) Keepa'se hond: Keepa's dog Passive Use the "is ... ge- verd" structure De heenshin is fon de man genujethed verd The chicken is being eaten by the man Past tense Use the "is.... -ed" construction He toud een man He kills a man He is een man touded He has killed a man In short clauses where a longer clause follows, "is" can be dropped Ig hoord was du machd is. I heard what you did. "Ig is hoord was du machd is" is technically correct, but "is" is often dropped in these small clauses especially when they are followed by a longer clause Future tense Use wou with the verb to form the future tense Put the verb at the end and add -en to it Ig wou dord gaanen I will go there Past tense Ig ujeth een appel I eat an apple Ig is een appel ujethed I ate an apple Present perfect Use the form "ar.... ge-" Ig ar das gelees I have read that Past perfect Use the form "is.... ge-" Ig is das gelees I had read that Talking about something Ig praat over een book I talk about a book Exceptions to the -en and -ed rules If "k" is preceded by a short vowel, it changes into "ch" For example, mak becomes machen If "k" is preceded by a long vowel, it changes into "g" For example, maak becomes maged "ch" changes to a "g", but if it is preceded by a short vowel then the vowel is written only once For example, beveech becomes bevegen If -ed is added to a "k" which is preceded by a short vowel then the -ed becomes a -d and the "k" changes according the previously state rule For example, mak becomes machd If a word ends on "n" or "r", then it gets -d instead of -ed For example, ren becomes rend and hoor becomes hoord Infinitive Use "su....-en" Ig forbereet das su machen I am preparing to do that Negative Form Negative is formed with "niet". If it is used to negate a verb, add it after the object related to the verb Ig mak das niet I don’t do this. If there is a second verb, “niet” comes before it. Ig will das niet machen I don’t want to do this To negate an adjective, add the "niet" before the noun phrase (which is the definite or indefinite article plus the noun) He ar niet een grouda man Demonstative pronouns "jon" means "that over there". "dies" is used to refer to things right in front of you, like your fork at the dinner table. "das" is used for anything you might want to refer to. The word "this" occupies this role in english What does this say = Was saach das? If you were to write "Was saach dies" this would have the nuance of "What does this right here in front of me say" Was ar dies = What is this right here Was ar das = What is this Was ar jon = What is that over there "der" is used for as a demonstrative pronoun, equivalent to "who" in English He who runs becomes tired He der louf verd mud "der" can only be used with people, for everything else use "das" The dog that runs becomes tired De hoond das loup verd mud
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