Learn Atlaans - Lesson 1 Learn Atlaans - Lesson 2 Learn Atlaans - Lesson 3 Learn Atlaans - Lesson 4 Memrise course for Atlaans http://www.memrise.com/course/446773/atlaans/ Overview of Atlaans Coastal Atlantean has a very simplified grammar. There is no conjugation. The same form of the verb is used for all pronouns. Pronouns: I: Ig /ɪx/ You: Du /du/ He: He /hei/ She: Se /sei/ It: Es /es/ We: We /wei/ You (pl): Dese /dezə/ They: Esse /esə/ Possessive my: meen /me:n/ your: deen /de:n/ his: haar /ha:ɹ/ her: saar /sa:ɹ/ its: esaar /esa:ɹ/ our: unser /unseɹ/ your (pl): deser /deseɹ/ their: esser /esə/ Accusative pronouns mich - me dich - you es - it hich - him sich - her uns - us desech - you (pl) essech (them) The verb to be is "ar" in all cases. Ig ar een man = I am a man Du ar een man = You are a man He ar een man = He is a man We ar manen = We are men Dese ar manen = You (pl) are men Esse ar manen = They are men Plural is formed by adding -en to the end of the word Add -nen if the word ends on a vowel If -ed must be added to a word that ends on a vowel the ending becomes -ned instead He, Se, We, Dese are pronounced as if the e was a double e If an adjective comes behind a noun, it adds an -a Some adjectives end on -er. This is an older form from Harbour Atlan Verbs If you use "kan", "muss", "zou", "las" or "verd" the second verb must go to the end and add on -en Also, if a verb is used with "su", it must also take -en at the end The only exception are verbs ending on -ch, which change the "ch" to "g" when -en is added Ig kan das sagen I can say that Ig lees een kniega I read a book Ig kan een kniega leesen I can read a book Accusative The direct object of the sentence is in the accusative Ig sien dich I see you Du sien mich You see me Ig sien essech I see them Comparitives Just add -er for more, and -te for most prachtich - beautiful prachticher - more beautiful prachtichte - most beautiful If the word ends on t, then use -ste for "most" skrit - mean, horrible skritste - meanest Adjectives Add -a to the adjective if it directly precedes the noun it is describing If the adjective ends on a vowel, then add -na instead of -a Ig ar een grouda man I am a big man De man ar groud The man is big Add 'se to the end of a noun to make it possessive Keepa (name) Keepa'sa hond: Keepa's dog Past tense Use the "is.... -ed" construction He toud een man He kills a man He is een man touded He has killed a man In short clauses where a longer clause follows, "is" can be dropped Ig hoord was du machd is. I heard what you did. "Ig is hoord was du machd is" is technically correct, but "is" is often dropped in these small clauses especially when they are followed by a longer clause Future tense Use wou with the verb to form the future tense Put the verb at the end and add -en to it Ig wou dord gaanen I will go there Past tense Ig ees een appel I eat an apple Ig is een appel eesed I ate an apple Past perfect Use the form "ar.... -ed" Ig ar een appel eesed I have eaten an apple Talking about something Ig praat over een book I talk about a book Exceptions to the -en and -ed rules If "k" is preceded by a short vowel, it changes into "ch" For example, mak becomes machen If "k" is preceded by a long vowel, it changes into "g" For example, maak becomes maged "ch" changes to a "g", but if it is preceded by a short vowel then the vowel is written only once saach becomes saged and fraach becomes fraged If -ed is added to a "k" which is preceded by a short vowel then the -ed becomes a -d For example, mak becomes machd If a word ends on "n" or "r", then it gets -d instead of -ed For example, ren becomes rend and hoor becomes hoord The difference between "dies", "das" and "jon" "jon" means "that over there". "dies" is used to refer to things right in front of you, like your fork at the dinner table. "das" is used for anything you might want to refer to. The word "this" occupies this role in english What does this say = Was saak das? If you were to write "Was saak dies" this would have the nuance of "What does this right here in front of me say" Was ar dies = What is this right here Was ar das = What is this Was ar jon = What is that over there Infinitive Use "su....-en" Ig forbereet das su machen I am preparing to do that
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